Certified Pre-Owned Cars Petaluma CA

114 Results
2016 Toyota Corolla L
# TU56312 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 41,636
  • Engine: 1.8L I4 DOHC Dual VVT-i
  • Drivetrain: FWD
27/36 City/Highway MPG

CARFAX One-Owner.


Certified.
Toyota Certified Used Vehicles Details:

* Transferable Warranty
* Vehicle History
* Warranty Deductible: $50
* Roadside Assistance
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from TCUV purchase date
* Limited Comprehensive Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from certified purchase date. Roadside Assistance for 1 Year
* 160 Point Inspection


Call to get your E Price at (707)709-8379 or visit our website to see more quality vehicles like this one at www.hanseltoyota.com.

Awards:
* 2016 KBB.com 5-Year Cost to Own Awards * 2016 KBB.com Best Buy Awards Finalist
More Details See all details
2016 Volkswagen Tiguan S
# VU39203 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 29,725
  • Engine: 2.0L 4-Cylinder Turbocharged
  • Drivetrain: FWD
5" Touchscreen Infotainment System, Bluetooth Smartphone Connectivity, Exterior Parking Camera Rear, Fully automatic headlights, Heated door mirrors, Heated front seats, Leather steering wheel, Rain sensing wipers, Remote keyless entry, Rubber Floor Mat Kit, Split folding rear seat...

Original MSRP of $26,025

Certified Pre-Owned. CARFAX One-Owner. Clean CARFAX.


21/26 City/Highway MPG


Volkswagen Certified Pre-Owned Model Year 2017 and earlier gas, hybrid and electric vehicles Details:

* Roadside Assistance
* Warranty Deductible: $50
* 100+ Point Inspection
* Vehicle History
* Model Specific Limited Warranty, 24 Month/24,000 Mile beginning on the new certified purchase date or expiration of new car warranty expires (whichever occurs later), 2 Years of 24-Hr Roadside Asst. Transferability See Dealer for Details


Drop into Hansel Volkswagen to see this, and hundreds of other new, pre-owned, and certified pre-owned vehicles!
More Details See all details
2017 Ford Fusion SE
# F353453A OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 15,889
  • Engine: 2.5L iVCT
  • Drivetrain: FWD
21/32 City/Highway MPG
Odometer is 17300 miles below market average!
HANSEL'S 129 POINT SAFETY INSPECTION / SERVICE COMPLETE AND READY FOR YOU!!
CARFAX One-Owner.
Clean CARFAX.
Certified.
Ford Certified Pre-Owned Details:

* 172 Point Inspection
* Includes Rental Car and Trip Interruption Reimbursement
* Vehicle History
* Transferable Warranty
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from original in-service date
* Limited Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) after new car warranty expires or from certified purchase date
* Warranty Deductible: $100
* Roadside Assistance


Awards:
* 2017 KBB.com 10 Best Sedans Under $25,000 * 2017 KBB.com Brand Image Awards * 2017 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Brands
Family owned and operated, Hansel Auto has been in the automobile business and a staple in our local community for nearly 50 years! "Shop at Hansel Auto and Experience the Difference!!"
More Details See all details
2016 Volkswagen e-Golf SEL Premium
# VU39130 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 18,109
  • Engine: 85KW 115HP Electric
  • Drivetrain: FWD
Odometer is 6669 miles below market average!

126/105 City/Highway MPG

Certified.
Volkswagen Details:

* Model Specific Limited Warranty, 24 Month/24,000 Mile beginning on the new certified purchase date or expiration of new car warranty expires (whichever occurs later), 2 Years of 24-Hr Roadside Asst. Transferability See Dealer for Details (for Volkswagen Certified Pre-Owned Model Year 2017 and earlier gas, hybrid and electric vehicles program), Model Specific Limited Warranty, 24 Month/Unlimited Mile beginning on the new certified purchase date or expiration of new car warranty expires (whichever occurs later), 2 Years of 24-Hr Roadside Asst. Transferability See Dealer for Details (for Volkswagen Certified Pre-Owned Model Year 2016 and earlier TDI vehicles program)
* Vehicle History
* Warranty Deductible: $50
* 100+ Point Inspection
* Roadside Assistance


Clean CARFAX.
CARFAX One-Owner.


Drop into Hansel Volkswagen to see this, and hundreds of other new, pre-owned, and certified pre-owned vehicles!
More Details See all details
2017 Toyota Corolla LE
# TU56352 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 33,645
  • Engine: 1.8L I4 DOHC Dual VVT-i
  • Drivetrain: FWD
28/36 City/Highway MPG

CARFAX One-Owner.


Certified.
Toyota Certified Used Vehicles Details:

* Limited Comprehensive Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from certified purchase date. Roadside Assistance for 1 Year
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from TCUV purchase date
* Transferable Warranty
* Vehicle History
* Roadside Assistance
* 160 Point Inspection
* Warranty Deductible: $50


Call to get your E Price at (707)709-8379 or visit our website to see more quality vehicles like this one at www.hanseltoyota.com.

Awards:
* 2017 KBB.com 10 Best Sedans Under $25,000 * 2017 KBB.com 5-Year Cost to Own Awards * 2017 KBB.com Best Resale Value Awards * 2017 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Brands
More Details See all details
2017 Volkswagen Tiguan S
# VU39142 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 30,529
  • Engine: 2.0L TSI DOHC
  • Drivetrain: FWD
Clean CARFAX.


Drop into Hansel Volkswagen to see this, and hundreds of other new, pre-owned, and certified pre-owned vehicles!
More Details See all details
2015 Volkswagen Tiguan SE
# VU39204 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 40,459
  • Engine: 2.0L 4-Cylinder Turbocharged
  • Drivetrain: FWD
Premium Touchscreen Infotainment System, 8 Speakers, Bluetooth Connectivity, Driver & Passenger Front and Side Impact Airbags, Side Curtain Airbags Front & Rear, Exterior Parking Camera Rear, Heated door mirrors, Heated front seats, Remote keyless entry, Split folding rear seat, Steering wheel mounted audio controls...

Original MSRP of $29,550

Certified. CARFAX One-Owner. Clean CARFAX.


Odometer is 15496 miles below market average!

21/26 City/Highway MPG


Volkswagen Certified Pre-Owned Model Year 2017 and earlier gas, hybrid and electric vehicles Details:

* Warranty Deductible: $50
* Vehicle History
* Roadside Assistance
* 100+ Point Inspection
* Model Specific Limited Warranty, 24 Month/24,000 Mile beginning on the new certified purchase date or expiration of new car warranty expires (whichever occurs later), 2 Years of 24-Hr Roadside Asst. Transferability See Dealer for Details


Drop into Hansel Volkswagen to see this, and hundreds of other new, pre-owned, and certified pre-owned vehicles!
More Details See all details
2016 Volkswagen Passat 1.8T R-Line
# VU39207 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 36,796
  • Engine: 1.8L TSI
  • Drivetrain: FWD
5" Touchscreen Infotainment System, Steering Wheel Mounted Audio Controls, 6 Speakers, Exterior Parking Camera Rear, R-Line Lighting Package, Adaptive and Fully Automatic LED Headlights, Heated Exterior Side Mirrors, Heated Front Seats, Heated Front Washer Nozzles, Front Dual Zone A/C, lluminated Entry, Leather Steering Wheel, Remote Keyless Entry, Split Folding Rear Seat...


Original MSRP of $27,040


Certified Pre-Owned. CARFAX One-Owner. Clean CARFAX.

25/38 City/Highway MPG

Awards:
* 2016 KBB.com Best Auto Tech Award Finalist * 2016 KBB.com 10 Most Comfortable Cars Under $30,000

Volkswagen Certified Pre-Owned Model Year 2017 and earlier gas, hybrid and electric vehicles Details:

* Warranty Deductible: $50
* 100+ Point Inspection
* Vehicle History
* Model Specific Limited Warranty, 24 Month/24,000 Mile beginning on the new certified purchase date or expiration of new car warranty expires (whichever occurs later), 2 Years of 24-Hr Roadside Asst. Transferability See Dealer for Details
* Roadside Assistance


Drop into Hansel Volkswagen to see this, and hundreds of other new, pre-owned, and certified pre-owned vehicles!
More Details See all details
2017 Volkswagen Jetta 1.4T SE
# VU39205 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 18,168
  • Engine: 1.4L TSI
  • Drivetrain: FWD
6.3" Touchscreen Infotainment System, Steering Wheel Mounted Audio Controls, 4 Speakers, Remote Keyless Entry, Blind Spot Sensor: Blind Spot Monitor Warning, Exterior Parking Camera Rear, Power moonroof, Heated Door Mirrors, Heated Front Seats, Heavy Duty Trunk Liner, Rubber Floor Mat Kit (Set of 4), Split Folding Rear Seat...


Original MSRP of $23,315


Certified Pre-Owned. CARFAX One-Owner. Clean CARFAX.


Odometer is 8269 miles below market average!

28/38 City/Highway MPG

Awards:
* 2017 IIHS Top Safety Pick+ * 2017 KBB.com 10 Coolest New Cars Under $18,000

Volkswagen Certified Pre-Owned Model Year 2017 and earlier gas, hybrid and electric vehicles Details:

* Vehicle History
* Model Specific Limited Warranty, 24 Month/24,000 Mile beginning on the new certified purchase date or expiration of new car warranty expires (whichever occurs later), 2 Years of 24-Hr Roadside Asst. Transferability See Dealer for Details
* Roadside Assistance
* 100+ Point Inspection
* Warranty Deductible: $50


Drop into Hansel Volkswagen to see this, and hundreds of other new, pre-owned, and certified pre-owned vehicles!
More Details See all details
2015 Toyota Camry SE
# TU56346 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 46,702
  • Engine: 2.5L I4 SMPI DOHC
  • Drivetrain: FWD
Camry SE.
Odometer is 8061 miles below market average!
25/35 City/Highway MPG

CARFAX One-Owner.
Clean CARFAX.

Certified.
Toyota Certified Used Vehicles Details:

* Roadside Assistance
* Transferable Warranty
* Warranty Deductible: $50
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from TCUV purchase date
* Limited Comprehensive Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from certified purchase date. Roadside Assistance for 1 Year
* 160 Point Inspection
* Vehicle History


Call to get your E Price at (707)709-8379 or visit our website to see more quality vehicles like this one at www.hanseltoyota.com.

Awards:
* 2015 KBB.com 15 Best Family Cars * 2015 KBB.com 10 Best Sedans Under $25,000
More Details See all details
2017 Honda Civic LX
# HR6806 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 26,312
  • Engine: 2.0L I4 DOHC 16V i-VTEC
  • Drivetrain: FWD
CARFAX One-Owner.

Certified. HondaTrue Certified Details:

* Roadside Assistance for the duration of the Certified Pre-Owned Limited Warranty. Up to two complimentary oil changes within the first year of ownership. SiriusXM 90-Day Trial
* Roadside Assistance
* 182 Point Inspection
* Transferable Warranty
* Limited Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) after new car warranty expires or from certified purchase date
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from original in-service date
* Warranty Deductible: $0
* Vehicle History


Odometer is 7939 miles below market average!
Awards:
* 2017 IIHS Top Safety Pick (When equipped with Honda Sensing) * 2017 KBB.com Brand Image Awards * 2017 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Brands
2016 Kelley Blue Book Brand Image Awards are based on the Brand Watch(tm) study from Kelley Blue Book Market Intelligence. Award calculated among non-luxury shoppers. For more information, visit www.kbb.com. Kelley Blue Book is a registered trademark of Kelley Blue Book Co., Inc.

31/40 City/Highway MPG ***CLEAN CARFAX***, ***ONE OWNER CARFAX***, ***CERTIFIED***.


This vehicle has previously operated as a rental vehicle.
More Details See all details
2017 Volkswagen Passat 1.8T R-Line
# VU39209 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 24,078
  • Engine: 1.8L TSI
  • Drivetrain: FWD
6.3" Touchscreen Infotainment System, 6 Speakers, Steering Wheel Mounted Audio Controls, Blind Spot Sensor: Blind Spot Monitor Warning, R-Line Lighting Package w/ Fully Automatic LED Headlights, Exterior Parking Camera Rear, Front Dual Zone A/C, Heated Front Seats, Leather Seating Surfaces, Remote Keyless Entry, Split Folding Rear Seat...

Original MSRP of $26,535.

Certified Pre-Owned. CARFAX One-Owner. Clean CARFAX.


Odometer is 16433 miles below market average!

23/34 City/Highway MPG

Awards:
* 2017 IIHS Top Safety Pick * 2017 KBB.com 10 Most Comfortable Cars Under $30,000

Volkswagen Certified Pre-Owned Model Year 2017 and earlier gas, hybrid and electric vehicles Details:

* Warranty Deductible: $50
* Roadside Assistance
* Model Specific Limited Warranty, 24 Month/24,000 Mile beginning on the new certified purchase date or expiration of new car warranty expires (whichever occurs later), 2 Years of 24-Hr Roadside Asst. Transferability See Dealer for Details
* Vehicle History
* 100+ Point Inspection


Drop into Hansel Volkswagen to see this, and hundreds of other new, pre-owned, and certified pre-owned vehicles!
More Details See all details
2016 Toyota Camry SE
# TU56340 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 48,088
  • Engine: 2.5L I4 SMPI DOHC
  • Drivetrain: FWD
Camry SE.

25/35 City/Highway MPG

CARFAX One-Owner.


Certified.
Toyota Certified Used Vehicles Details:

* Limited Comprehensive Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from certified purchase date. Roadside Assistance for 1 Year
* Roadside Assistance
* 160 Point Inspection
* Vehicle History
* Warranty Deductible: $50
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from TCUV purchase date
* Transferable Warranty


Call to get your E Price at (707)709-8379 or visit our website to see more quality vehicles like this one at www.hanseltoyota.com.

Awards:
* 2016 KBB.com 5-Year Cost to Own Awards * 2016 KBB.com Best Buy Awards Finalist * 2016 KBB.com 10 Best UberX Candidates * 2016 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Cars * 2016 KBB.com 10 Most Comfortable Cars Under $30,000 * 2016 KBB.com 10 Best Sedans Under $25,000
More Details See all details
2016 Toyota Camry SE
# TU55504A OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 42,255
  • Engine: 2.5L I4 SMPI DOHC
  • Drivetrain: FWD
ABS brakes, Alloy wheels, Electronic Stability Control, Heated door mirrors, Illuminated entry, Low tire pressure warning, Remote keyless entry, Traction control.

25/35 City/Highway MPG

CARFAX One-Owner.


Certified.
Toyota Certified Used Vehicles Details:

* Roadside Assistance
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from TCUV purchase date
* Vehicle History
* 160 Point Inspection
* Warranty Deductible: $50
* Transferable Warranty
* Limited Comprehensive Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from certified purchase date. Roadside Assistance for 1 Year


Call to get your E Price at (707)709-8379 or visit our website to see more quality vehicles like this one at www.hanseltoyota.com.

Awards:
* 2016 KBB.com 10 Best Sedans Under $25,000 * 2016 KBB.com 10 Best UberX Candidates * 2016 KBB.com Best Buy Awards Finalist * 2016 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Cars * 2016 KBB.com 10 Most Comfortable Cars Under $30,000 * 2016 KBB.com 5-Year Cost to Own Awards
More Details See all details
2016 Toyota Camry SE
# TU56294 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 37,940
  • Engine: 2.5L I4 SMPI DOHC
  • Drivetrain: FWD
ABS brakes, Alloy wheels, Electronic Stability Control, Heated door mirrors, Illuminated entry, Low tire pressure warning, Remote keyless entry, Traction control.

25/35 City/Highway MPG

CARFAX One-Owner.


Certified.
Toyota Certified Used Vehicles Details:

* Roadside Assistance
* 160 Point Inspection
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from TCUV purchase date
* Vehicle History
* Warranty Deductible: $50
* Limited Comprehensive Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from certified purchase date. Roadside Assistance for 1 Year
* Transferable Warranty


Call to get your E Price at (707)709-8379 or visit our website to see more quality vehicles like this one at www.hanseltoyota.com.

Awards:
* 2016 KBB.com 10 Most Comfortable Cars Under $30,000 * 2016 KBB.com Best Buy Awards Finalist * 2016 KBB.com 10 Best Sedans Under $25,000 * 2016 KBB.com 5-Year Cost to Own Awards * 2016 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Cars * 2016 KBB.com 10 Best UberX Candidates
More Details See all details
2017 Honda Civic LX
# HR6803 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 23,033
  • Engine: 2.0L I4 DOHC 16V i-VTEC
  • Drivetrain: FWD
CARFAX One-Owner.

Certified. HondaTrue Certified Details:

* Limited Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) after new car warranty expires or from certified purchase date
* Roadside Assistance
* Roadside Assistance for the duration of the Certified Pre-Owned Limited Warranty. Up to two complimentary oil changes within the first year of ownership. SiriusXM 90-Day Trial
* Warranty Deductible: $0
* Transferable Warranty
* 182 Point Inspection
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from original in-service date
* Vehicle History


Odometer is 9306 miles below market average!
Awards:
* 2017 IIHS Top Safety Pick (When equipped with Honda Sensing) * 2017 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Brands * 2017 KBB.com Brand Image Awards
2016 Kelley Blue Book Brand Image Awards are based on the Brand Watch(tm) study from Kelley Blue Book Market Intelligence. Award calculated among non-luxury shoppers. For more information, visit www.kbb.com. Kelley Blue Book is a registered trademark of Kelley Blue Book Co., Inc.

31/40 City/Highway MPG


This vehicle has previously operated as a rental vehicle.
More Details See all details
2018 Toyota Corolla LE
# TU55414A OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 10,274
  • Engine: 1.8L I4 DOHC Dual VVT-i
  • Drivetrain: FWD
Odometer is 24984 miles below market average!
28/36 City/Highway MPG

CARFAX One-Owner.
Clean CARFAX.

Certified.
Toyota Certified Used Vehicles Details:

* Vehicle History
* Transferable Warranty
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from TCUV purchase date
* 160 Point Inspection
* Roadside Assistance
* Limited Comprehensive Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from certified purchase date. Roadside Assistance for 1 Year
* Warranty Deductible: $50


Call to get your E Price at (707)709-8379 or visit our website to see more quality vehicles like this one at www.hanseltoyota.com.
More Details See all details
2017 Ford Escape SE
# FU353283A OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 34,651
  • Engine: EcoBoost 2.0L I4 GTDi DOHC Turbocharged VCT
  • Drivetrain: 4WD
20/27 City/Highway MPG
Odometer is 17795 miles below market average!
HANSEL'S 129 POINT SAFETY INSPECTION / SERVICE COMPLETE AND READY FOR YOU!!

Clean CARFAX.
Certified.
Ford Certified Pre-Owned Details:

* Vehicle History
* Warranty Deductible: $100
* Roadside Assistance
* Limited Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) after new car warranty expires or from certified purchase date
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from original in-service date
* Transferable Warranty
* 172 Point Inspection
* Includes Rental Car and Trip Interruption Reimbursement


Awards:
* 2017 KBB.com 10 Best SUVs Under $25,000 * 2017 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Brands * 2017 KBB.com Brand Image Awards
Family owned and operated, Hansel Auto has been in the automobile business and a staple in our local community for nearly 50 years! "Shop at Hansel Auto and Experience the Difference!!"
More Details See all details
2017 Honda Civic LX
# HR6805 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 21,685
  • Engine: 2.0L I4 DOHC 16V i-VTEC
  • Drivetrain: FWD
CARFAX One-Owner.

Certified. HondaTrue Certified Details:

* Roadside Assistance for the duration of the Certified Pre-Owned Limited Warranty. Up to two complimentary oil changes within the first year of ownership. SiriusXM 90-Day Trial
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from original in-service date
* Warranty Deductible: $0
* Roadside Assistance
* 182 Point Inspection
* Limited Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) after new car warranty expires or from certified purchase date
* Transferable Warranty
* Vehicle History


Odometer is 10667 miles below market average!
Awards:
* 2017 IIHS Top Safety Pick (When equipped with Honda Sensing) * 2017 KBB.com Brand Image Awards * 2017 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Brands
2016 Kelley Blue Book Brand Image Awards are based on the Brand Watch(tm) study from Kelley Blue Book Market Intelligence. Award calculated among non-luxury shoppers. For more information, visit www.kbb.com. Kelley Blue Book is a registered trademark of Kelley Blue Book Co., Inc.

31/40 City/Highway MPG


This vehicle has previously operated as a rental vehicle.
More Details See all details
2017 Honda Accord LX
# HR6809 OEM Certified
  • Mileage: 23,418
  • Engine: 2.4L I4 DOHC i-VTEC 16V
  • Drivetrain: FWD
CARFAX One-Owner.

Certified. HondaTrue Certified Details:

* Roadside Assistance
* Limited Warranty: 12 Month/12,000 Mile (whichever comes first) after new car warranty expires or from certified purchase date
* Warranty Deductible: $0
* Vehicle History
* Powertrain Limited Warranty: 84 Month/100,000 Mile (whichever comes first) from original in-service date
* Roadside Assistance for the duration of the Certified Pre-Owned Limited Warranty. Up to two complimentary oil changes within the first year of ownership. SiriusXM 90-Day Trial
* Transferable Warranty
* 182 Point Inspection


Odometer is 4730 miles below market average!
Awards:
* 2017 IIHS Top Safety Pick+ (When equipped with Honda Sensing and specific headlights) * ALG Residual Value Awards * 2017 KBB.com 10 Most Awarded Brands * 2017 KBB.com Brand Image Awards
2016 Kelley Blue Book Brand Image Awards are based on the Brand Watch(tm) study from Kelley Blue Book Market Intelligence. Award calculated among non-luxury shoppers. For more information, visit www.kbb.com. Kelley Blue Book is a registered trademark of Kelley Blue Book Co., Inc.

27/36 City/Highway MPG ***CLEAN CARFAX***, ***ONE OWNER CARFAX***.


This vehicle has previously operated as a rental vehicle.
More Details See all details

All pricing and details are believed to be accurate, but we do not warrant or guarantee such accuracy. The prices shown above, may vary from region to region, as will incentives, and are subject to change. Vehicle information is based off standard equipment and may vary from vehicle to vehicle. Call or email for complete vehicle specific information.

Based on EPA mileage ratings of vehicle's model year. Use for comparison purposes only. Your actual mileage will vary depending on how you drive and maintain your vehicle, driving conditions, battery pack age/condition (hybrid models only) and other factors